uring my six-month mission aboard the International Space Station (ISS), at times very complex procedures would be sent up for me to accomplish that assumed a certain “starting condition.” These starting conditions assumed that the equipment I was to work on was in a certain configuration: The switches were set a certain way, cables were routed a certain way.

Yet many times these starting conditions did not accurately reflect the actual situation and configuration on board. When I brought up these discrepancies and offered an alternative approach so that we could achieve the desired objectives, I was at times met with stiff resistance.

In one particular incident, a very detailed choreography of a massive tool box swap was sent up. A cargo spaceship had brought up a new tool box and I was to use this choreography to consolidate two tool boxes into one (not an easy task when everything is floating “weightless”). The problem was that few of the tools were in the starting place assumed by the procedure writers. I knew that in order to accomplish the task I would have to request a change in the procedure. Since changes to procedures are not normally well received, I called the person who sent up the procedure on his direct phone line and explained the situation (Yes, we actually have a phone onboard the ISS).

As I was explaining the issue to him he began to get very irritated. I asked why he was getting upset and he said, “Someone worked a long time to come up with these detailed procedures and now you’re throwing them out the window.” I again tried to explain in the calmest and most diplomatic way I could manage that although there was a great deal of work that went into the procedures, that doesn’t change the fact that because they assumed an incorrect starting condition, they could not possibly be used to accomplish the task. I offered an alternative approach based on the actual starting condition and he said they would consider my request. About an hour later a call came up over the radio that said sternly, “We discussed your tool box issue and we are going to allow you to do it your way.”

To me this response indicated that despite my best efforts, I was never able to effectively communicate the reality of the situation. The ground controllers thought that one reality existed (the starting condition was according to the procedure) but I knew that what I could see with my own eyes differed greatly from the ground’s perceived reality. I couldn’t understand why they refused to change their perspective in light of the new facts I presented.

This story brings out a crucial element in problem solving. In the words of Archbishop Desmond Tutu, “We cannot succeed by denying what exists. The acceptance of reality is the only place from which change can begin.”

In my tool box situation, the ground controller became so combative because, for whatever reason, he couldn’t bring himself to believe that the reality spelled out in the procedure was inaccurate. The fact that someone worked hard to produce the procedure clouded his judgment and created a bias in his perception of reality.

We have countless examples of this happening in everyday life. Every day, people have heated and emotional arguments simply because each has a different perspective reality. It has become so severe that when facts don’t agree with our perceived reality, we change the facts rather than change our opinion. “Alternative Facts” are simply tools used to keep an inaccurate perceived reality intact.

The common ground that is missing is a common starting condition. When we zoom out to the starting condition that the orbital perspective provides, people naturally are drawn together into a more aligned vantage point. In other words, if we zoom out to the point where we consider the implications of our decisions and opinions over the widest feasible geographic area and over the longest feasible time frame, things become clearer. Factors that might otherwise be hidden in our ground-level perspective can come into view.

I believe that much of what we hear people arguing about — whether it’s politics, religion, or ways to solve problems — can be summed up as an inability to zoom out to a point where we can see the entire picture. We have not zoomed out to the point where we can realize that we are really not as far off as we thought, that we in fact have similar desires and objectives. The only way a nation can progress and succeed is to incorporate the most accurate data possible, no matter how inconvenient the truth is.

This article originally published on Medium.

About the author

Ron Garan

Ron Garan

A fighter pilot, social entrepreneur, astronaut, and aquanaut, Ron Garan has done it all. He is now the Chief Pilot at World View Enterprises, co-founder and director of Manna Energy, and the author of Orbital Perspective.

  • Ben Sage

    Super interesting story and example of how troubling a perceived reality can be in today’s society. One of the biggest perceived realities that is an issue in my eyes is politics. With party lines drawn with very specific policies, people will often make assumptions that a candidate or politician is going to follow these party platforms very strictly. If people were to open up more and listen/observe every politician more objectively and hear them out about what their plans are, I believe that politics would be not so big of an “issue” in the US today. I think a lot of racial tensions that are currently happening with America could also be chalked up to perceived reality. A group of people may have a certain bias that all police officers are bad, because of personal experience or because of what they saw on the news, when in reality not all police officers are bad people, there are good ones out there. This whole idea of perceived reality isn’t ever really a positive thing in my eyes. It seems that all it does is cause tensions for the most part, if people were to just open their minds up and consider the perspective of others, the world would be a more understanding and overall better place.

  • Ryan Janeczek

    I really enjoyed reading this article and found it to be very interesting and thought provoking. I feel as though the United States is more susceptible to perceived realities than most other nations across the world. We have always been a very proud country and like to think of ourselves as the best country in the world when statistics say otherwise. We consistently rank behind other developed nations in education and before them in poverty. There is a great deal of social and political unrest as well. In the past two years we have seen cities such as Ferguson, Baltimore, Milwaukee, and Charlotte literally burn over racial injustice. I think that this article does a great job of showing how dangerous alternative facts can be in making a group of people complacent. If we want this country to truly be “great again”, we are going to have to take an honest look at where we are and where we want to go instead of fabricating our current position.